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The work by the team is very basic. They created multiple strands of graphene oxide and then dunked them into a solvent solution for 10 minutes. When the strands were pulled from the solution, they banded together forming a cord, or single strand of yarn. They also developed a means for reversing the process—dunking the strand of yarn in a different solvent solution.
The technique works because the graphene oxide strands swell when placed into the solution. That forces flakes that make up the outer layer of each of the fibers to pack together more densely, which results in a skin of sorts. As the bundle of strands is removed from the solution, the surface tension pulls the strands together into a cylindrical shape. The newly created cord dries, allowing the fibers to bond. Then, putting the cord into the second solution relaxes the strands, breaking the bonds and releasing them back to their original form. Cruz-Silva and Laura Elías suggest the process could prove useful in manufacturing complex architectures.
Dan Chang et al. Reversible fusion and fission of graphene oxide–based fibers, Science (2021). DOI: 10.1126/science.abb6640
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Self-generating yarn made from graphene oxide strands (2021, May 7)
retrieved 8 May 2021
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