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Researchers confirm six unique strains of African swine fever virus

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain The U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) has announced that researchers have reclassified the number of African Swine Fever (ASF) virus strains from 25 to only six unique genotypes. This scientific innovation may help redefine how ASF researchers across the globe classify ASF virus (ASFV) isolates and may make it

Researchers hunt for hard-to-spot genetic links to improve crop and livestock breeding

Field evaluation of root lodging after the 2020 derecho. A) Quantification of root lodging with a protractor. The root-lodging (RL) scores ranges from 1 to 5, and the angle of deflection from vertical was converted to a 1-to-5 score, with 1 being unaffected and 5 being completely root lodged. B) Distribution of root-lodging scales (RL

Researchers argue that reducing greenhouse gas emissions is not enough to combat climate change

Credit: CC0 Public Domain According to a new paper in Oxford Open Climate Change, the strategies humanity must pursue to reduce climate change will have to include more than reducing greenhouse gases. This comes from an analysis of climate data led by researcher James Hansen. Scientists have known since the 1800s that infrared-absorbing (greenhouse) gases

Coin tosses are not 50/50: Researchers find a slight bias

For people committed to choosing either heads or tails every time, the researchers found no bias for either side. Want to get a slight edge during a coin toss? Check out which side is facing upwards before the coin is flipped –- then call that same side. This tactic will win 50.8 percent of the

Researchers measure magnetic field in eclipse medium of a spider pulsar PSR J2051-0827

The polarization properties of PSR J2051-0827 vs. orbital. Credit: XAO Spider pulsars are a subclass of millisecond pulsar binary systems with low mass companions in short-period orbits. In spider pulsars, the pulsar wind and electromagnetic emission ablate and may destroy the companion. Researchers from the Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory (XAO) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Researchers develop organic nanozymes suitable for agricultural use

Illustrated Conceptualization of the OC nanozyme. Credit: Nanoscale (2023). DOI: 10.1039/D3NR02025H Nanozymes are synthetic materials that mimic the properties of natural enzymes for applications in biomedicine and chemical engineering. Historically, they are generally considered too toxic and expensive for use in agriculture and food science. Now, researchers from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have developed

Researchers find pre-Columbian agave plants persisting in Arizona landscapes

Agave phillipsiana. Credit: Wendy Hodgson/Annals of Botany A new paper in the Annals of Botany reveals that researchers have found unaltered agave plant species cultivated by several early cultures including the Hohokam people, a large Native American group in the Southwest that existed between 300 and 1500 CE. Agave plants have been of great economic

Researchers dynamically tune friction in graphene

Fabrication and characterization of graphene FET devices used for tunable friction measurements. Credit: Nature Communications (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-41375-7 The friction on a graphene surface can be dynamically tuned using external electric fields, according to researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign led by Professor Rosa Espinosa-Marzal of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. The

Researchers prepare for exascale supercomputer simulations of nuclear reactors

A near-exascale simulation of fluid velocity in a bed of 352,000 randomly packed pebbles in a nuclear reactor. This is one of the most computationally intense nuclear engineering simulations to date. Credit: Argonne National Laboratory Nuclear energy is responsible for approximately one-fifth of total electricity used in the U.S., and nearly half of the country’s

Researchers develop hurricane power outage prediction model that outperforms traditional methods

Regression between total customers interruption hours and total outages. Credit: A performance-based probabilistic framework to model risk to power systems from hurricanes (2023). Utility companies are generally well-equipped to handle routine blackouts, but often struggle with extreme weather events like hurricanes. Conventional hurricane power-outage prediction models often produce incomplete or incorrect results, hampering companies’ abilities

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