Hurricane Elsa churned through the Caribbean Friday, bringing powerful winds and the potential for storm surges and heavy rain.
The category 1 storm packed maximum sustained winds of 75 miles (120 kilometers) per hour as it moved northwest near St Vincent and the Grenadines in the eastern Caribbean around midday, the US National Hurricane Center (NHC) said.
The center said Elsa could bring a tidal surge of as much as three feet above normal in the Windward Islands—the far eastern chain that includes Barbados and St. Lucia—and up to four feet further west on the southern coast of Hispaniola, which is made of up Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Rainfall, storm surges and strong winds from Elsa could affect the Florida Keys and parts of the Florida peninsula early next week but this depends on how the storm behaves this weekend when it hits large Caribbean islands, the NHC said.
Hurricane-related weather would be bad news for the Florida town of Surfside, near Miami, as it tries to dig out a collapsed condo building in search of survivors and bodies.
Elsa is forecast to move near the southern coast of Hispaniola on Saturday and Haitian authorities expressed worry Friday that they lack emergency supplies like food and water.
A good part of the emergency resources the government did have were used in another crisis: the evacuation of thousands of people in Port-au-Prince because of raging gang violence.
Many of these people are staying in gyms, schools or other public buildings and some of the supplies that had been earmarked for the hurricane season have been used on these evacuees, said Jerry Chandler, director of the Haitian civil protection agency.
As the hurricane approached, authorities declared a weather alert Friday.
Authorities want to ship emergency supplies to the southern coast, which is most threatened. But heavily armed gangs control part of the only road leading from the capital to the south and they do not let everything through.
To reach these threatened areas, Chandler said, “we have to go through red zones,” referring to gang-held territory.
In 2016 Hurricane Matthew killed more than 500 people in southern Haiti and caused nearly $2 billion in damage.
By Sunday, Elsa is forecast to move near Jamaica and portions of eastern Cuba, the US center said.
Hurricane Zeta barreled through the southern United States as a Category 2 storm Wednesday, bringing dangerous winds and surging ocean waves as New Orleans residents were left without power.
Zeta, which was downgraded to a tropical storm during Thursday’s early hours, would “continue to spread well inland across portions of northeastern Alabama, northern Georgia, the Carolinas, and southeastern Virginia,” according to the National Hurricane Center (NHC).
It was packing maximum sustained wind speeds of 60 miles (95 kilometers) per hour, the center said at 0900 GMT.
Early on Thursday, New Orleans mayor LaToya Cantrell said the city was dealing with many downed power lines.
“Downed lines can be energized and are VERY dangerous,” she tweeted. “Please continue to stay inside and let public safety officials respond to #Zeta hazards.”
The city emergency medical service tweeted that there had been one “electrocution fatality” from a downed power line.
Mississippi governor Tate Reeves had signed an emergency declaration ahead of Zeta’s approach earlier Wednesday, and Alabama governor Kay Ivey took to Twitter to advise state residents to prepare for the storm and “listen to all local advice.”
Hurricane and storm surge warnings were lifted for Louisiana, but governor John Bel Edwards urged people to stay inside.
“Today has been hard,” he tweeted. “As we continue to weather #Zeta and feel its effects, everyone needs to keep listening to their local leaders and follow any curfews that may be in place.”
Heavy wind and sheets of rain cut through New Orleans, and power outages were reported in various areas.
Edwards said in an earlier radio interview that nearly 500,000 were without power in the state, including 78 percent of New Orleans.
Officials had urged residents to evacuate vulnerable areas or stock up on emergency supplies of food, water and medication for at least three days.
Curfews were in effect for harder-hit coastal areas.
Zeta hit just six days before the presidential election, although it was not expected to affect the outcome, with early voting in Louisiana already finished.
French Quarter deserted
As rainfall and winds began ahead of the storm’s arrival, New Orleans residents rushed to prepare, boarding up windows, moving vehicles and boats to higher ground and in some cases stacking sandbags to guard against potential flooding.
The hurricane was the fifth major storm to hit Louisiana this year.
The New Orleans area has repeatedly had to be on guard, though it has been spared so far this year, with the brunt of earlier storms hitting cities such as Lake Charles, some 200 miles (320 kilometers) west near the Texas border.
This time, though, local officials were urgently warning against complacency.
Flooding was less of a threat this time for the low-lying city—80 percent of which flooded during 2005’s Hurricane Katrina—because the storm was fast-moving at 25 miles per hour.
New Orleans remains traumatized by Hurricane Katrina, which killed more than 1,800 people 15 years ago.
Annie Quattlebaum, a 39-year-old biologist, and a group of friends visiting from Denver were stranded when the storm caused their flight to be canceled.
They were roaming the city’s famous French Quarter, largely deserted on Wednesday afternoon, in search of an open store to buy drinks and food as they prepared to hunker down in their hotel for the night.
“We’ve been told by friends that are familiar with this area and familiar with the weather to have snacks and have your phone charged,” said a mask-wearing Quattlebaum.
“We’re not going to do anything stupid. We’re just going to hunker down while it’s going on.”
‘These poor guys’
Along the shores of Lake Catherine, on the far northeastern edge of the city where many locals have weekend homes and commercial fishermen operate, boats were lined up along the higher ground of roadsides.
At Island Marina, Geoff Wallace, 60, secured wood and other material he was using for a construction project to keep it from flying away and becoming missiles.
“It’s just a part of living here,” he said, gray skies shadowing the marshland and a shrimp boat behind him.
“These poor guys,” he said of the marina owners. “They’ve had to go through this four or five times this year. It gets tiring.”
The hurricane brought strong winds and heavy rains to Mexico’s Caribbean coast on Tuesday after making landfall near the resort town of Tulum.
It is the 27th storm of an unusually active Atlantic hurricane season.
In September, meteorologists were forced to use the Greek alphabet to name Atlantic storms for only the second time ever, after the 2020 hurricane season blew through their usual list, ending on Tropical Storm Wilfred.
Scientists say there will likely be an increase in powerful storms as the ocean surface warms due to climate change.
Zeta slams into southern US, downgraded to tropical storm (Update) (2020, October 29)
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