Hexbyte Glen Cove 'Exciting biology' reveals central event of evolution of rhizobial endosymbiosis thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove ‘Exciting biology’ reveals central event of evolution of rhizobial endosymbiosis

Root nodules, each containing billions of Rhizobiaceae bacteria. Credit: Public Domain Legumes, unlike most land plants, can form a root nodule symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia. The anatomy of the nodule in legume plants was described in the 17th century, and nodule cells were found to host endosymbiotic rhizobia for nitrogen fixation in the 19th...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Amino acid recycling in cells: Autophagy helps cells adapt to changing conditions thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Amino acid recycling in cells: Autophagy helps cells adapt to changing conditions

Autophagy-derived serine feeds into mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism,supporting the initiation of mitochondrial protein synthesis and allowing rapid adaptation torespiratory growth. Credit: Tokyo Tech Cells must utilize nutrient resources as efficiently as possible in order to ensure survival. This involves an intricate balance between the synthesis and degradation of cellular components, the latter of which can...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Stretchable micro-supercapacitors to self-power wearable devices thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Stretchable micro-supercapacitors to self-power wearable devices

A team of international researchers, led by Huanyu "Larry" Cheng, Dorothy Quiggle Career Development Professor in Penn State's Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, has developed a self-powered, stretchable system that will be used in wearable health-monitoring and diagnostic devices. Credit: Penn State College of Engineering A stretchable system that can harvest energy from...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Scientists improve gridded precipitation dataset for Tibetan Plateau thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Scientists improve gridded precipitation dataset for Tibetan Plateau

Fig. 1. The study area and the distribution of observation sites. The ten yellow points represent the independent sites used for frequency distribution validation, and the white points represent the points for gridding. The yellow dotted rectangle is the interpolation extent. Credit: LI Hongyi An accurate gridded precipitation dataset is essential for a better...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Community assembly trajectory of invertebrates in deadwood: Convergence after divergence thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Community assembly trajectory of invertebrates in deadwood: Convergence after divergence

Non-metric MDS plots of fauna communities in logs showing convergence of community composition through the decomposition years (indicated above the panels) at F site (black) and S site (grey) at major clade level. Points are the tree species with abbreviations. Credit: ZUO Juan Natural forests contain a large amount of deadwood, which is a...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Hidden symmetry could be key to more robust quantum systems, researchers find thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Hidden symmetry could be key to more robust quantum systems, researchers find

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers have found a way to protect highly fragile quantum systems from noise, which could aid in the design and development of new quantum devices, such as ultra-powerful quantum computers. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, have shown that microscopic particles can remain intrinsically linked, or entangled, over long...

Hexbyte Glen Cove Dogs may never learn that every sound of a word matters thumbnail

Hexbyte Glen Cove Dogs may never learn that every sound of a word matters

Credit: Vivien Reicher Despite their excellent auditory capacities, dogs do not attend to differences between words that differ only in one phoneme (e.g., "dog" vs "dig"), according to a new study by Hungarian researchers of the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (ELTE). In the study, they measured brain activity with non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) on conscious...

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