Hexbyte  Tech News  Wired Cloudflare Embraces Google Roughtime, Giving Internet Security a Boost

Hexbyte Tech News Wired Cloudflare Embraces Google Roughtime, Giving Internet Security a Boost

Hexbyte Tech News Wired

Hexbyte  Tech News  Wired

Nada Stankova/Getty Images

Hexbyte  Tech News  Wired

Nada Stankova/Getty Images

Cryptography schemes are complicated to understand and implement. A lot of things can go wrong. But when it comes to web encryption, a surprising number errors actually stem from a straightforward and seemingly basic mechanism: timekeeping.

Synced clocks in operating systems may make digital timekeeping look easy, but it takes a lot of work behind the scenes, and doesn’t always solve problems online. The internet’s decentralized nature means that the clocks behind every web browser and web application can actually have major discrepancies, which in turn can undermine security protections. In a step toward addressing these inconsistencies, the internet infrastructure firm Cloudflare will now support a free timekeeping protocol known as Roughtime, which helps synchronize the internet’s clocks and validate timestamps.

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Hexbyte  Tech News  Wired How Cloudflare Uses Lava Lamps to Guard Against Hackers

Hexbyte Tech News Wired How Cloudflare Uses Lava Lamps to Guard Against Hackers

Hexbyte Tech News Wired

Edward Craven Walker lived to see his greatest invention, the lava lamp, make its late-’90s cultural comeback. But the British tinkerer (and famed nudist, incidentally) died before he could witness the 21st-­century digital potential of his analog creation. Inside the San Francisco office of the web security company Cloudflare, 100 units of Craven Walker’s groovy hardware help protect wide swaths of the internet from infiltration.

Here’s how it works. Every time you log in to any website, you’re assigned a unique identification number. It should be random, because if hackers can predict the number, they’ll impersonate you. Computers, relying as they do on human-coded patterns, can’t generate true randomness—but nobody can predict the goopy mesmeric swirlings of oil, water, and wax. Cloudflare films the lamps 24/7 and uses the ever-changing arrangement of pixels to help create a superpowered cryptographic key. “Anything that the camera captures gets incorporated into the randomness,” says Nick Sullivan, the company’s head of cryptography, and that includes visitors milling about and light streaming through the windows. (Any change in heat subtly affects the undulations of those glistening globules.)

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